Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



database
an organized collection of data that can be accessed electronically
DCE
Distributed Computing Environment is based on a client/server computing model as a set of integrated network services. It is the middleware between operating systems or network services and distributed applications.
decision tree
all the factors within the structure of a parent, child, and sibling relationship of a model
default currency
the type of currency used by the purchaser e.g., US dollars, Canadian dollars, euros etc.
deferred depreciation
when an item's depreciation in not carried forward until a specified time; however the asset's usage is allocated in the period from which it was used.
deferred income plan
a plan created by an organization to pay employees at a later date e.g., retirement plan
demand management
involves planning, executing and monitoring the design pricing, and marketing of products and services to meet an enterprise's needs
denormalized read-only database tables
database tables that show data from separate files or tables in a single table
department
a division within an organization
depreciation
the allocation of an expense that reflects an asset's use by the organization.
DES
Data Encryption Standard is a cryptographic algorithm
discrete enterprise resource planning
The discrete enterprise resource planning (ERP) addresses discrete manufacturing (distinct items such as auto parts or chairs) as well as non-manufacturing industries. Functionality includes production planning, shop floor control, and product costing, and may also provide financials, human resources, and other enterprise management modules.
dispatch system
a system that organizes and sends jobs to a particular location
distributed computing environment
an Open Software Foundation (OSF) specification taht defines the method of communication between clients and servers in a cross-platform computing environment. It provides functions such as authentication, directory service, remote procedure call, and others that assist networking
distribution
1) the sharing of costs or assets 2) the movement of materials from manufacturer to customer, or from manufacturing, warehouse, or in transportation
drawer limit
the maximum or minimum amount of cash allowed in the drawer at one time
drop-ship
a special order when goods are sent directly to the customer without going through the warehouse
dual resource requirements per operation
the ability to both set-up resource requirements and run resource requirement to be specified for each operation
Dynamic Data Exchange
a protocol for exchanging data between two programs