Branding and Positioning: What’s the Difference? And Can You Afford It?
Written By: Lawson Abinanti
Published On: November 26 2004
Author - Lawson
- November 26, 2004
What's the Difference? And Can You Afford It?
published - December 15, 2003
A few years ago, I had just finished an all day meeting with our company's new ad agency when I got an uneasy feeling that, despite the agreeable head nodding and diligent note-taking, we were not really synched up. My product marketing team had presented positioning statements for our product offerings in several broad categories (financials, e-business, supply chain management, etc.), plus the product suite. The agency's mission was to use the positioning to create our "brand."
at the conclusion of the meeting, the agency team looked a little dazed and
confused. It wasn't just because it had been a long day. They talked with quiet
seriousness among themselves, then the agency account manager said to me, "You've
already done the branding." I looked at our outside consultant, who had been
helping us with our positioning, and tried to keep a straight face. Obviously,
we and the agency didn't have a common understanding of "positioning" and "branding."
Understanding the difference is especially important if you're involved in marketing
B2B software, and I'll explain why. I'll also explain why the difference can
mean a huge difference in the cost of marketing your software.
The "Mental Space" to Build a Brand
my firm we define positioning as a mental space that you can "own" with an idea
that has compelling meaning to the recipient. It's in that mental space where
the product's benefits and the customer's most important needs meet, and hopefully
stick. Later in this column, I'll provide several experts' definitions of branding.
First let's look at what we did to get accused of doing the branding for our agency, a well-know international firm. I tell my clients that ultimately, a rigorous positioning exercise helps them discover the truth about their products. It starts with a to-do list designed to get to the truth—the relevant, essential and verifiable facts, as they exist in the product and the marketplace. To uncover the truth, here's what my product marketing team did:
our executive management
Assessed our company's old marketing materials and campaigns
Mapped and assessed key competitors' positioning and their marketing materials
Identified unclaimed competitive positions
Interviewed customers concerning key problems and why they bought from us
Identified and ranked our target market's most pressing problems. (This is
critical to effectively position your products.)
Interviewed channel managers
Interviewed our key managers and personnel in overseas markets
Wrote and refined message strategies, and tested them with customers, VARs,
and company personnel worldwide
Engaged a naming consultant to help develop a new naming framework based on
the new positioning
we sought input from, or interviewed someone, we also sought their feedback
to help us evolve and refine our positioning statements and message strategies.
The goal was to discover the right position and validate it. Meanwhile, we were
gaining consensus and buy-in, which would improve the chances of wide acceptance
internally and externally for whatever marketing efforts we eventually based
on the positioning.
I think our positioning work, especially for the product suite, also captured the company culture and the general personality of our product offerings. I'll grant that this was a slight step beyond positioning, but certainly not full-blown branding. Or at least not in my view of what branding is.
You Can't Always Get What You Want
One thing is certain about branding—it's the thing everyone in B2B software wants to achieve. Yet I think most B2B software companies have little or no chance of establishing a brand. A strong position, yes. Strong brand recognition? I don't think so.
That's because establishing a brand is so much more than good marketing, as borne out by my reading of many experts' opinions about branding. Here's what some of them say:
Pettis, author of "Techno Brand:" "Brand is the proprietary visual, emotional,
rational, and cultural image that you associate with a company or product. When
you think Volvo, you might think safety The fact that you remember the brand
name and have positive associations with that brand makes your product selection
easier and enhances the value and satisfaction you get from the product"
Marketing, a B2B software-marketing firm: "A brand is a reason to care.
It's always from the customer's point of view. Brand is often confused with
the logo and "look and feel," but the look and feel is in reality a representation
of a brand."
Johnson, Pragmatic Marketing: "Branding is the activity of promoting your
company identity; your brand is the identity that exists in the minds of the
buyer. Nowadays, branding is often what you do when you cannot differentiate.
So much of current marketing communications is shouting but with nothing special
Zhivago, columnist, author, and founder of Zhivago Marketing Partners,
Inc., "Branding is the promise you make; your brand comes from the promises
finally, my favorite, from brand consulting firm Prophet's web site:
"A brand is built through deeds more than words—it is how your customers experience
what you do."
Without Branding? Is That Heresy?
Prophet has it right, as well as all the rest, then good positioning is only
one aspect—although an important one—of establishing a brand. As
stated earlier, a position is a mental space that can be occupied with an idea—a
compelling and unique benefit—that really matters to the target audience.
With some effort, time, and money, you can claim a position by consistently
communicating an idea that has meaning to the target audience.
Well, you say, isn't
that when I hear an advertising agency or a PR firm talk so freely about branding
in the B2B software market, they are really talking about positioning. What's
missing? A brand personality, a character, and if I'm not going
too far, a soul that is inextricably linked to the products and company that
transcends the operative benefits. In fact, the brand becomes one of the benefits,
because it embodies trust, an anticipation of predictable quality and performance,
and most of all, a feeling that this is an identity you want to be associated
with as a customer.
Claiming a strong product
or company position in the B2B software market space is an achievable—generally
affordable—goal. You can probably think of any number of companies that
have done it. But, few B2B software companies can truly establish a brand identity—especially
small startup companies.
Can You Afford a Brand?
That's because branding takes time—years and years. It takes consistency (read patience) when everything is changing around you. It takes money—lots of it. And it takes magic, that creative leap you expect from your ad agency. When our agency accused us of doing their branding work, they were in effect abdicating their creative role.
To be brutally realistic about it, most B2B software companies don't have enough money to fund a real branding effort. Marketing dollars need to be devoted to lead generation, consultative selling costs, as well as support of both customers and the channel partners. Branding? Don't bother me; I can't afford it—and I'm too busy. There's simply no way most software products or companies generate enough revenue to do everything necessary to establish a brand.
If you need further proof, just sit through a branding presentation by a high tech advertising or PR firm. They don't use B2B software companies as examples of strong brand awareness. They use consumer products like Coke, Mercedes-Benz, or Crest toothpaste. I've never heard an agency representative use companies like Cognos, Business Objects, Oracle, or even Microsoft as examples of established brands. At best, they confuse brand recognition with sheer, brute-force name recognition.
Brand? You're in Good Company
are many big software companies that have significant name recognition and awareness.
But what comes to mind when I say BEA Systems? Best Software? PeopleSoft? These
are all large companies who spend significantly on marketing. Their products
are positioned in a consistent way. But they don't have strong brand
recognition, and maybe never will.
Is this reason to worry? The good news is that even without strong branding these companies will likely make money and be successful, because they do a reasonably good job of positioning. Brand may come some day, but I wouldn't be worried whether it does or doesn't. Just make sure your agency understands the difference. If not, you'll start with unrealistic expectations. You'll probably spend more than you expected, but still less than needed. And the results of your marketing efforts will surely be disappointing.
Abinanti is cofounder of Messages that Matter, a consulting
firm that helps B2B software companies create compelling message strategies
that build awareness and demand. Messages that Matter gives clients
the knowledge and tools to develop powerful message strategies that differentiate
products and services from those of the competition. Lawson has held strategic
marketing positions with several B2B software companies including Navision,
Applix, TM1 Software, and Timeline.
can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
His web site is www.messagesthatmatter.com.