- August 12, 2003
the last few years, Geac Computer Corporation Limited (TSX:
GAC), a large Canadian supplier of enterprise management software has had a
roller coaster ride. It started with a rampant acquisition stint during the
1990s (see Geac
Computer Corporation: Mastering Growth by Acquisitions), followed by a subsequent
near-death experience and causal resorting to lifesaving divestitures in 2001
Decomposes To Survive), only to see the company come back around, achieve
stable financial performance, and articulate a clear strategy to move away from
its all-but-failed business model of selling maintenance and services for outdated
applications. The result is a number of recent new contract wins, rejuvenated
product launches and a return to the acquisition trail amid the ongoing consolidation
slugfest, but this time in a seemingly more thought-out and digestible manner.
that end, Geac announced that on July 15, 2003 the Federal Trade Commission
granted early termination of the waiting period required by the Hart-Scott-Rodino
Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 with respect to Geac's proposed acquisition
of Comshare Inc. (NASDAQ: CSRE), a provider of corporate performance
management (CPM) software. On July 1, Geac announced that it has commenced,
through its indirect, wholly owned subsidiary Conductor Acquisition
Corp., a cash tender offer to purchase all of the outstanding shares
of common stock of Comshare. The tender offer was made pursuant to the previously
announced definitive merger agreement between Geac and Comshare for US $52 million
in cash, dated June 22. Under the terms of the definitive agreement, Comshare
shareholders will receive US $4.60 in cash for each share of Comshare common
stock held, representing a 31% premium to Comshare's trailing 20-day average
share price at the time. The Board of Directors of Geac has received a favorable
independent fairness opinion respecting the financial terms of the Comshare
merger from Yorkton Securities Inc.
believes this latest acquisition should broaden its business performance management
(BPM) offering with the addition of the Comshare MPC ("Management,
Planning & Control") suite of planning, budgeting, forecasting, financial consolidation,
and management reporting and analysis solutions. The Comshare acquisition follows
the successful purchase of travel and expense management software provider Extensity
on March 6, 2003. Geac plans for the tender offer to close by August 2003 and
expects the transaction to be accretive to earnings 90 days following completion
of the merger as the business is integrated into existing Geac operations.
With its 500 customers and 300 employees, Comshare is expected to add roughly 12% to Geac's annualized revenue, based on the last twelve months of reported revenue from each company, and Geac aspires to participate in a new US $1 billion market that is growing more than 10% per year based on some analysts' predictions. Following the close of the transaction, Geac plans to "eat its own dog food", i.e. to standardize on Comshare MPC for internal use by its divisions worldwide and begin to implement the suite, replacing Geac's current budgeting and consolidation applications. Comshare products will be integrated into Geac's existing application offerings through the use of Geac's application integration framework, which is designed to facilitate integration and interoperability between disparate applications.
The rationale for the acquisition was based on a global assessment of Geac customers' IT requirements, in which approximately 33% of the company's ERP customers surveyed said that they were interested in acquiring improved business intelligence (BI) and reporting tools, such as budgeting, planning and forecasting. These organizations are looking for products that enable them to extract more value from their investment in various Geac's ERP products to monitor and manage overall performance more effectively. Additionally, enterprises face the increasing need for integration, analytics and real-time data access to comply with stricter public disclosure mandates of late.
is Part One of a three-part note. Part Two will discuss the Market Impact. Part
Three will cover Challenges and make User Recommendations.
Geac System21 Aurora
addition to pursuing strategic acquisitions, Geac has demonstrated a reliance
on internal development as well. In April 2003, the UK division of Geac launched
Geac System21 Aurora, a culmination of the most significant investment in the
System21 product in recent years (see Geac
Hopes To See System21 Shine Again Like 'Aurora'). Combining solid ERP functionality
with real-time process management capabilities, System21 Aurora is designed
to improve enterprise performance at many levels including operational, process
and corporate. It also offers a collaborative supply chain management (SCM)
solution that will supposedly leverage the newest technologies and provide users
with access to all their business applications through a single web-based user
System21 Aurora is scaled for mid-sized enterprise needs, particularly in the food & beverage, apparel & textiles, fast moving consumer packaged goods (CPG), wholesale distribution and manufacturing sectors, where Geac already has a strong market presence, with a global customer base of approximately 1,600 companies. The product is the culmination of extensive product development, with a strong focus on customer requested enhancements. It provides a process-modeling engine that should enable organizations to map out key operational processes, streamline them, and then activate them to become live business flows of activities and data, with the software automatically generating alerts for manual intervention when required.
In addition, Geac is backing up the System21 Aurora value proposition with an introductory business review service to ensure that customers realize all of the solution's potential benefits. Specifically, as part of the Aurora launch, the company is making its business consultants available on a shared cost, shared investment basis to work with customers to target quantified business improvements and process solutions.
With more than 100 new angles for improving productivity and mid-market users' experience, Geac System21 Aurora offers the following major features and benefits:
Front-to-back BPM capabilities
— Including visual process automation, workflow and exception control/management.
Enhanced order capturing — Featuring an intuitive and information
rich order capture portal for the staff dealing with customers, aimed at ensuring
visibility across the supply chain of stock levels and the customer's current
orders, as well as easy views of customer history, with higher levels of customer
service as an ultimate result.
— Featuring new flexible sourcing rules in the new order capture engine ensuring
that demand can be sourced from the stockroom, site, and/or country in the
optimized way, taking account of the nature of the item and the customer service
level, all with the aim of maximizing customer fulfillment and inventory performance.
New enterprise (multi-company, multi-national supply chain) functionality
— Enabling a wide range of industrial concerns from a single plant floor to
a complex or multi-national supply chain network to maximize customer fulfillment
and inventory performance.
Demand planning capability — Ensuring that minimal safety
stock is held, while balancing fluctuating customer demands.
— Providing self-service tools for both customers and suppliers in order to
reduce administrative costs and provide enhanced levels of customer service.
Improved employee data access and global information visibility
— Offering a new browser-based portal, utilizing a thin client' interface,
which provides end-user access to all of the above applications, plus the
functionality of the ERP kernel and capabilities provided by strategic software
Strong middleware and messaging foundation — Fully exploiting
IBM WebSphere leveraging the J2EE (Java 2 Enterprise Edition)
component model and many of IBMs WebSphere applications, such as Commerce
Suite (the catalog and storefront application) and MQ Integrator
(the XML message mapping and transformation product).
Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) — Allowing customers to
keep tight management of a product's lifecycle, particularly from an inventory
point of view.
Aurora product also incorporates an update to the Geac System21 code from the
traditional RPG to the modern Integrated Language Environment
(ILE) code, providing a modular development language with flexibility, ease
of upgrade and speed not only for Geac's development but also for customers'
internal IT departments. The modular nature of ILE, together with Geac's Java-based
commerce.connect applications, should create an open ERP system
extended to suppliers, customers and mobile employees, a foundation for full
supply chain collaboration in local or global trading situations. Geac's commerce.platform
further underpins commerce.connect by providing all the necessary security,
workflow and integration capabilities typically required by companies operating
in complex supply chains.
The above two feats have coincided with continued stable financial performance. On June 25, Geac reported its fourth quarter and year-end results for the period ended April 30, 2003. While the company's revenue continues to decline, it has maintained solid profitability and offers a modestly optimistic outlook for fiscal 2004. The results are still mainly attributable to continued initiatives to restore profitability undertaken since 2000, including restructuring, divestitures and facility rationalization. Revenue for the year ended April 30, 2003, was C$623.7 million, a 13% drop compared to C$716.5 million in fiscal 2002. Still, Geac points out that fiscal 2003 revenue exceeded previously provided guidance of C$620 million, despite the impact of the strengthening Canadian dollar versus the US dollar in the fourth quarter, the loss of non-recurring Euro conversion professional services revenue, and the elimination of unprofitable revenue.
2003 net income from continuing operations, however, was an impressive C$50.3
million, albeit slightly lower compared with net income of C$52.5 million in
2002 (see Figure 1). Furthermore, Geac's balance sheet strengthened considerably
during the quarter, as the company had approximately C$132.2 million in cash
at the end of April, 2003, an increase of C$11.5 million over April 30, 2002,
despite the C$33.7 million cost of acquisitions and the payment of C$16.0 million
as part of the Q4 2002 restructuring charge. Cost of revenues was reduced by
C$59.5 million, or 18.2%, from C$326.6 million in fiscal year 2002 to C$267.1
million in fiscal year 2003, and the cost of software license revenues, primarily
royalties paid to vendors of third-party software, declined by 12.2%. Support
and services margins increased from 53.0% to 56.6%, primarily as a result of
improved utilization rates. Over the course of last year, Geac further simplified
its organizational structure and rationalized back office general and administrative
functions inherited from numerous former acquisitions.
for Q4 2003 was C$150.8 million, a 13.6% drop compared to C$174.5 million in
the corresponding period in fiscal 2002 (see Figure 2). This decrease is primarily
attributable to an expected decline in the renewal of annual maintenance contracts,
to exiting unprofitable businesses, and to the strengthening Canadian dollar.
Software license revenue, however, increased by C$0.7 million, or 3% and 3.6%,
compared to C$22.9 million in Q4 2002 and C$19.4 million in Q3 2003, respectively.
Net loss was C$2.9 million, compared with a net loss of C$2.7 million in the
same period last year. As announced on June 8, 2003, Geac recorded a C$16.8
million non-cash goodwill write-down in the fourth quarter related to its Interealty
subsidiary, based on revised future estimates of the likely performance of the
Interealty business. As a result of this write-down, fourth quarter earnings
were impaired, while excluding the goodwill impairment, net income in the fourth
quarter would have been C$13.9 million.
One possible fly in the Geac ointment could involve the July 18 announcement that Charles S. Jones, has replaced Paul D. Birch as President and CEO of the company, effective immediately. Mr. Jones had previously been Executive Chairman of the Geac Board of Directors since December of 2000. Mr. Birch has resigned from the role of President and CEO, as well as from the Board, to pursue buyout opportunities in the software industry. During the next thirty days Mr. Birch will work with Mr. Jones, the Board, and the management team to ensure an orderly transition process. Mr. Jespersen, a member of the Geac Board of Directors since 2001, will become non-executive Chairman of the Board, effective immediately, assuming Mr. Jones' prior responsibilities for corporate governance. The yet again reshuffled Board remains nonetheless adamant that Geac's turnaround strategy is unchanged.
concludes Part One of a three-part note. Part Two will discuss the Market Impact.
Part Three will cover Challenges and make User Recommendations.