Lean manufacturing emphasizes the minimization of the amount of all the resources (including time) used in the various activities of the enterprise. The typical areas of hidden waste are over-production, waiting, transportation, over-processing, motion, excessive inventory, and defective units.
manufacturing and operation management
panacea to whatever troubles manufacturing and distribution across the globe. The early revolutionary efforts of a handful of manufacturers have indeed established that lean works, especially in terms of increasing customer satisfaction levels (i.e., ensuring they get exactly what they want, when they want it), decreasing costs, and improving responsiveness via shorter lead times and improved quality and consistency. Nevertheless, manufacturers today face additional challenges in the form of increased